Family: Cinnamomum Latin name:
Cinnamomum camphora Aliases:
Camphor tree, camphor wood, camphor tree Morphological characteristics:
Evergreen trees, majestic trees, huge crowns, natural soft trees and strong green all seasons. The bark is green and smooth when young, gray-brown and longitudinally cracked when old. Leaves ovate-elliptic alternate, thin leathery, three-veined basally. Distribution and habits:
It is distributed in the provinces south of the Yangtze River Basin in China, and is mostly born in the low mountain plains. The vertical distribution is generally between 500 meters and 600 meters above sea level. It is the representative of China's subtropical evergreen broad-leaved tree species. It is warm and humid, and it is not resistant to severe cold. Suitable for areas with an average annual temperature above 16 ℃. Deep-rooted tree species with developed main roots, few lateral roots, and strong wind resistance. Strict requirements on soil, like fertile and deep acidic or neutral sandy loam soil, not resistant to drought and barren, can be born in clay soil, but avoid stagnant water. It has a medium growth rate and a life span of more than a thousand years. The same genus Zhejiang camphor has strong cold resistance and is an excellent germplasm north of camphor tree. It can be promoted and applied in the north of the Yangtze River to enrich the types of long-green cold-resistant broad-leaved tree species. Reproduction and cultivation:
Seeds can be used for both winter and spring sowing, but spring sowing is preferred. Cinnamomum camphora seedlings usually undergo secondary transplantation to cultivate lateral roots. When transplanting large seedlings, bring a soil ball and thin the branches and leaves appropriately. application:
Excellent tree species for landscaping are widely used as shade trees, sidewalk trees, shelter forests and scenic forests. Row planting, solitary planting, bush planting, and group planting are all suitable. At the same time, because the camphor wood is dense, has the characteristics of aroma, insect resistance, etc., it can be used for construction, furniture, and musical instrument production, etc. It has high economic value and large market demand.